A: Person X is from Afghanistan
B: Person X applies for a Visa to Russia
C: Person X is refused to get a VISA
Why does Person X get no VISA?
o 1. Lack of necessary documents
o 2. No allowment for people of this origin
o 3. A special case/special circumstances of that person make it impossible to give a VISA (e.g. criminal past…)
o 4. Arbitrary treatment/decision-making by institutions or/and individuals
partly in applicants responsibility
partly applicants dependence on others
(analog: Why does Person X does not get the required documents? -> Circumstances…)
To 3.) Person X is probably incapable of changing anything about this decision (in case
his special preconditions are proven and acknowledged [by ?])
Number 2 (???) and 4 go together considering their absence of valid and internationally acknowledged rules in the determination of the reasonable neglection of VISA:
To 2. and 4.) Person X can look for judicial opportunities to
claim his rights
possible institutions/judicial background:
o human rights
o court of justice (international context)
1. Person X is from Afghanistan
2. Person X is refused to get a VISA for Russia
3. The refusal is not based on any reasonable or internationally acknowledged basis.
Why Person X is refused to get a VISA?
o Individual decision
o Inofficial set of rules
o Bureaucratic structures
Approach (not solution!):
The level of individual
The level of institutional
The determination of the human individual and its qualities and weaknesses
through their origin, their appearance, their language.
Within this framework the individual does not even have the right or the
opportunity to proof its individuality.
The result is the stigmatization of a certain group of people who are described as
having decisive aspects in common, such could be religion, ideology, thinking,
same solutions for conflicts, goals, world view etc.
Through this the individual is no longer acknowlegded as such. It is dissolved in
stereotypes, which is in fact other people’s ideas of the group the individual is